In your future career as a speech pathologist, there are many common speech disorders that you will encounter, ranging in severity and complexity. Stuttering, delayed language, lisps, aphashia, dysphasia…all these are good to know as you will be expected to treat patients suffering through these frustrating disorders.
Because all communication disorders carry the potential to isolate individuals from their social and educational surroundings, it is essential to provide help and support as soon as a problem is identified. Voice disorders may sometimes be divided into organic and functional disorders. Organic disorders are due to physical diseases like cancer and tumors that affect the way the vocal folds work. Functional disorders are due to the misuse and abuse of voice. Frequently, the cause is unknown, which often calls for the support of a speech pathologist. While many speech and language patterns can be called “baby talk” and are part of children’s normal development, they can become problems if they are not outgrown as expected.